Reasonable Faith’s Presentations of Arguments for God
Reasonable Faith is putting out some well produced, clear, and concise presentations of classic arguments for God’s existence (as William Lane Craig typically develops those arguments). They are definitely worth a look:
The Kalam Cosmological Argument:
The Argument from Fine Tuning:
The Moral Argument:
It seems that Dr. Craig is putting together videos that defend each one of the arguments he favors for theism. If so, we should expect a video on the ontological argument, reformed epistemology, the historicity of the resurrection, and perhaps the applicability of mathematics to the universe (a sub-argument from fine-tuning). At least, I hope to see such videos in the future. If they come out, I’ll be sure to update the list.
While I don’t consider these videos to be scholarly level presentations that deal with the best objections to the arguments one might find in the literature, they are a good starting point. They are especially good if one is more of an auditory/visual learner.
I was particularly impressed by the analogy made in the Moral Argument video to explain the response to Euthyphro’s dilemma. Just to recall, Euthyphro’s dilemma, as it is often put by contemporary philosophers of religion, presents two untoward possibilities: either God commands the good because it is good, or God’s commands are good simply because they are commanded by God. If it is the former, the good exists independently from God, which not only means that God is not needed to explain objective moral values and duties, but also threatens God’s aseity. If it is the latter, then the good is arbitrary, since God could have commanded anything and it would be good because of that reason. In other words, God would have no standard or measure of moral goodness to consider when making His commands, they would simply issue forth and become good because of God’s authority. Murder, theft, and adultery could have been good if God chose to command them.
The response is to propose a third possibility, since the dilemma does not present perfectly dichotomous options. Classical theists want to argue that this third option is that God’s nature somehow is the Good. That is, God’s nature is the standard or measure by which moral values are measured and the commands issued by God are commands issued by the standard of Goodness itself.
The analogy that impressed me was to suggest that God’s nature relates to moral values and duties in the world in a similar way in which a live performance relates to a hi-fidelity recording. The closer the recording is to capturing the sound of the live performance, the better the recording is. The live audio is as good as can be. The recording cannot exceed that standard (without distorting it and not being faithful to the original). So God’s nature is the living presence of Goodness and all else is measured insofar as it is analogous to God in being good.